Developing of a stop-loss trading strategy is one of the most important question in the trading life of every active trader. A correctly developed trading strategy helps to protect earned profit and to avoid dramatic losses that could wipe out all investments. There are several factors that define the main rules by which a stop-loss trading strategy is developed.
What is meant by stop loss in Forex market?
Stoploss is a buy or sell order which gets triggered position, once the price reaches a certain price. The aim here is to limit the loss on a security (buy or sell) position. A stop order to sell becomes a market order when the item is offered at or below the specified price.
Stop-loss trading strategy is one of the most popular topics among traders. There is no doubt about importance of this question. A trader may have ten winning trades in a row, still, one loss could wipe out whole earned profit if there were no strategy placed to protect the profit and limit losses. A selection of a stop-loss strategy looks simple from the first view. However, when it comes to a practical implementation, a lot of traders become confused by realizing that it is not as easy as it looks like and it could be even more complicated than generate trading signals. In many cases a good trading system could fail if a stop-loss strategy is not used correctly and a bad trading system could be profitable if a smart stop-loss strategy is used.
A selection of stop-loss strategy is a complicated task mainly because it depends on many factors. Some of these factors are trader's risk tolerance, selected trading vehicle, trading style, stock market behaviour, etc...
Risk Tolerance: There are different traders on the stock market. There are conservative and risky players, there are retired people and there are young traders. Everybody have different risk level and in many cases a stop-loss strategy depends on the personal preferences of a trader.
Trading style: Different traders trade differently. One trader makes 5 trades during a single session and another trader makes only one trade a year. Respectfully, the first trader could be looking for tight stop-loss strategy while the second trader could be looking for flexible, less strict stop-loss.
Trading Vehicle: You may trade stocks, options, futures and with any of these tools you would be looking for a different stop-loss. While a stock trader could be looking for constant stop-loss level, an options trader may select two dimensional stop-loss strategy (price and time: the longer you stay in position the tighter stop-loss become).
Trading Market Behaviour: The market changes constantly. Today you may see quiet peaceful up-trend; in month you could be in the volatile, scary decline. Depending on market volatility a trader may select different trading strategies: tighter during quiet markets and more risky during volatile periods.
These are only a few factors that affect selection of a stop-loss trading strategy. Yet, they already show how complex this question is. Every trader should come to this question very seriously. There is not a lot of information about that and in many cases a trader has to learn and develop a stop-loss system by using his/her own trading experience.